Zhejiang Kaiao New Material Co., Ltd.
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About Us

We were founded in September 2015 and located in Zhijiang Industrial Park, Haining, Zhejiang, is a large scientific and technical enterprise focusing on scientific research, product development, production, sales and service in the area of fiberglass-based. China Dyed Fabric Suppliers and Dyed Fabric Factory.
The glass fiber products and glass fiber composite material we produce are widely used and can be used in electric appliances, electronics, transportation, chemical engineering, architectural engineering, heat insulation, sound absorption, fire prevention and environmental protection, and other high-tech fields. We use 5.6-meter automatic warping machines, 3.4-meter air-jet looms and 5.6-meter wide high-grade rapier looms, suitable for PTFE, PVA, PVC, PU, and silicone coating. Our main products are fiberglass cloth, fiberglass mesh, waterproof building material, special building material, bakeware, BBQ accessories, and sealing strip. Our products are sold to more than 30 provinces at home and several countries and regions in North America, South America, Europe, Mid East, Southeast Asia, Oceania, Africa, and so on.
We will be committed to becoming a professional fiberglass products company with China's competitive advantage and complete industry chain and forming a superior fiberglass composite material manufacturing enterprise.


Industry Knowledge

How is fabric dyed and what are the different dyeing techniques used?
Fabric dyeing is a process of imparting color to textiles by applying dyes to the fabric. There are various dyeing techniques used, depending on the desired outcome, type of fabric, and the dyeing equipment available. Some of the common fabric dyeing techniques include:
Direct Dyeing: In direct dyeing, the fabric is immersed in a dye bath containing dyes that directly bond with the fabric fibers through a combination of chemical and physical processes. Direct dyeing is suitable for fabrics made of cellulose fibers like cotton, rayon, and linen.
Reactive Dyeing: Reactive dyeing involves the use of reactive dyes that chemically react and form covalent bonds with the fabric fibers. This technique is widely used for dyeing natural fibers like cotton, silk, and wool. Reactive dyes offer excellent colorfastness and a wide range of vibrant colors.
Acid Dyeing: Acid dyeing is primarily used for dyeing protein-based fibers such as wool, silk, and nylon. Acid dyes are soluble in acidic environments and bond with the fabric through ionic or hydrogen bonding. This technique requires an acidic dye bath and often involves heat application to enhance dye absorption.
Basic Dyeing: Basic dyeing, also known as cationic dyeing, is used for synthetic fibers like acrylic or modacrylic. Basic dyes have a positive charge and bond electrostatically with the negatively charged synthetic fibers. This technique requires a basic or alkaline dye bath.
Vat Dyeing: Vat dyeing is a method where insoluble dyes, known as vat dyes, are reduced to a soluble form and then applied to the fabric. The fabric is immersed in a vat containing the reduced dye, and the dye oxidizes and becomes insoluble on contact with air. Vat dyeing is commonly used for dyeing cotton and other cellulosic fibers.
What factors affect the colorfastness and longevity of dyed fabric?
Several factors can influence the colorfastness and longevity of dyed fabric. Some of the key factors include:
Dye Selection: The type and quality of dye used can significantly impact colorfastness and longevity. Some dyes have better affinity and bonding properties with specific fibers, resulting in improved colorfastness. High-quality dyes are generally more resistant to fading and washing.
Fiber Type: Different types of fibers have varying dye receptivity and susceptibility to fading. Natural fibers like cotton, linen, and silk may require different dyeing techniques and may exhibit different colorfastness properties compared to synthetic fibers such as polyester or nylon. The characteristics of the fiber can affect how well it absorbs and retains the dye.
Dyeing Technique: The dyeing technique employed can affect colorfastness. Some techniques, such as reactive dyeing or vat dyeing, provide better dye penetration and bonding, leading to improved colorfastness. The specific dyeing conditions, such as temperature, pH level, and dye-bath duration, can also impact the final colorfastness of the fabric.
Pre-treatment and After-treatment: Pre-treatment processes like scouring, bleaching, or mordanting can enhance dye absorption and improve colorfastness. After-treatments such as washing, rinsing, and finishing treatments can also affect color retention and longevity. Proper pre-treatment and after-treatment procedures can help stabilize the dye on the fabric.
Environmental Factors: Environmental conditions, such as exposure to sunlight, moisture, heat, or chemicals, can affect colorfastness. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight is a common cause of color fading. Moisture and humidity can lead to color bleeding or migration. Chemical exposure, such as exposure to chlorine in swimming pools or certain cleaning agents, can also impact colorfastness.

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